Ankhs and Orbs
(c) Vin Callcut 2002-2016. Small extracts can be used with acknowledgements to 'Oldcopper.org' website.
Helpful comments are very welcome.
Some variations on the Egyptian symbol for eternal life that was adopted by the Greek philosophers to represent copper.
Oldest Profession is Metallurgy
In his presidential address to The Institute of Metals some years ago, Dr Eric Duckworth referred to Greek mythology. He reminded us that Aphrodite, the Goddess of Love, first appeared rising out of the sea off the Island of Cyprus. As she rose, she was holding a shiny copper mirror and admiring her image. Obviously the mirror had been made by metallurgists before she appeared. Therefore, he mused, metallurgy must be the oldest of the professions.
(Rotating Ankh by Andy Callcut)
The ankh has been used for centuries to represent copper. It was one of the few metals then known to the Greeks who chose to associate each metal with a planet. The range was:
1 - gold (sun)
2- silver (moon)
3 - lead (Saturn)
4 - tin (Jupiter)
5 - iron (Mars)
6 - mercury (Mercury)
7 - Copper (Venus)
For many years it was the prividge of elected members of The Institution of Metallurgists to wear a tie bearing the symbols for copper and iron. As the other biological uses of the symbols for female and male genders became more common there was the possibility of confusion. The use of the symbols has therefore been quietly reduced. Some of the examples reproduced below have been judged to be now no longer needed.
Benham & Froude
Their trade mark orb logo was inspired by the orb that they had made for the dome of St Paul’s Cathedral, London which could be seen from their workshops. It also looks like an inverted ankh so is doubly suitable.
Vivienne Westwood, mark on brass cufflinks.
Grilby Metallfabrik, Grilby, Sweden.
Pin badge from the Polish Copper Centre.
Rhodesian coppersmith (now Zambia)
Brass key ring in the shape of an ankh and copper key tag lettered with Cu+ sign for the anti-microbial properties of copper by Copper Development Association, UK.
Tie logo also by Copper Development Association, UK.
Copper Development Centre for South East Asia.
Japanese Copper Centre.
Indian Copper Development Centre.
A different logo used by CDA Inc, USA.
Copper Development Centres have been set up in many countires with funding from local and international sources.
Those in Europe (correct 2015) are:
EuropeEuropean Copper Institute
Avenue de Tervueren 168 b10
Tel: +32 (0)2 777 70 70
Dr. Anton Klassert
Hellenic Copper Development Institute
252 Piraeus Str
177 78 Tavros
Tel: +30 (210) 4898 296
Fax: +30 (210) 4898 311
Hungarian Copper Promotion Centre
Kepiro u. 9
Tel: +36 (1) 266 4810
Fax: +36 (1) 266 4804
Istituto Italiano del Rame
Via dei Missaglia 97 Building A1
Tel: +39 (2) 8930 1330
Fax: +39 (2) 8930 1513
Polskie Centrum Promocji Miedzi Spolka z o o
ul. Sw. Mikolaja 8-11
Tel: +48 71 781 2502
Fax: +48 71 781 2504
Scandinavian Copper Development Association
Tel: +358 40 59 00 494
Fax: +358 9 412 3022
SpainDiego García Carvajal
Centro Espanol de Informacion del Cobre
Calle Princesa 79 - 1 izda
Tel: +34 91 5448 451
Fax: +34 91 5448 884
United KingdomAngela Vessey
Copper Development Association
5 Grovelands Business Centre
Hemel Hempstead HP2 7TE
Tel: +44 1442 275 705
Fax: +44 1442 275 716