Marks List

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(C) Vin Callcut 2002-2015.  Small extracts can be used with acknowledgements to '' website. 

Helpful comments are very welcome.

Ankhs & Orbs
Marks A-B
Marks C-G
Marks H-L
Marks M-R
Marks S-Z
Unknown Marks



Marks of Makers of Copper and Brass Wares  

Makers Marks   

   Draft for comment updated  10/01/2014

With your helpful comments and identifications, we can improve coverage and all will benefit.   Help will be acknowledged.

This information is solely for personal use and should not be resold.

Further details are covered in many more pages.  This index page got too big to manage so you can now start with the text files that link directly to the illustrations:



Marks A-B

Marks C-G

Marks H-L

Marks M-R

Marks S-Z

Ankhs & Orbs


Only a small proportion of products made for the domestic market were marked by the makers.  The vast number of manufacturers that sometime made copper and brass products means that this list will never be comprehensive.  Some marks remain unidentified as yet.  Your comments will be welcome.

  Unknown Marks

To scroll the text of the marks from A - Z, start here:  Marks A-B

To scroll through all the illustrations, start here: Marks A



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Much of this information has been obtained from directories such as Kelly's and Rylands in Birmingham Central Library.  When dates are given in brackets with an initial letter (i.e. K1922) they reference just the directory entry found, not the date of an event).


Can you use your knowledge and experience to help others find what they are looking for?  All comments used will be acknowledged. 

Much of this information has been obtained from directories at Birmingham Central Library, The National Archives at Kew and The Coalbrookdale Institute, Ironbridge, Shropshire. 

Thanks are also due to many dealers and expert collectors.

This part of the site being developed to help collectors interested in the marks used on domestic copper and brass products by some manufacturers.  It covers only marks seen on items recently available at reasonable cost together with a few other significant organisations.  Where there is a mark, it may help to show who made it and give some guidance on dating.  Only a small proportion of products are marked.  The vast number of manufacturers that sometime made copper and brass products means that this list will never be comprehensive.

 These notes are compiled from a variety of sources and there is no guarantee that the information is either complete or correct.  There are many gaps in the information that need to be filled.  The use of any illustrations showing current trademarks does not imply that they have been authorised by the present owners, nor is it intended to infringe their copyright or registration.

 The selection of marks included are those that have been found on items currently to be found on internet auction sites and at antique and collectors’ fairs in the UK.  Most are either British or American marks used from the late 19th century onwards.  Others will be included as they become available. 

 Not included :

Marks only found on specialist items.

Marks only found on museum items. 

Copper and brass products intended solely for use outside the home.

Personal initials showing ownership (hopefully!). 


Much of the information comes from knowledgeable vendors and from directories at Birmingham Central Library, The Coalbrookdale Institute, Ironbridge, Shropshire, The National Archives at Kew and the Historical Directories service of Leicester University online.  Older marks can be found in the books by Roderick Butler, Malcolm Haslam and Peter Hornsby. These are listed in the references. MarkRefs

Hot links are provided to some of the websites covering past and existing makers.   

Some makers are well documented on websites or in the literature while others are not.  Comparisons may encourage some industrial historians to establish and promote sites covering favourite or local manufacturers.  Particular congratulations must be given to the Wolverhampton Historical Society who have put together an excellent site covering the major manufacturers in the Black Country just to the West of Birmingham.

 Corrections, amendments and extra details of makers, their history and their marks will be welcomed and acknowledged.  

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